Antibacterial Susceptibility of Bacteria Isolated from Wound Swab of Patient Receiving Medication in University Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria

Jimba Rai Amos*, Egbenoma Aigboeghian, Aigboeghian Preciousgift, OO Omolehin

This research examined the antibacterial sensitivity of bacteria isolated from wound infection. Ten samples were collected using swab stick. From the isolates of this research identified both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria; these include Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococci, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter species. These organisms are of public health importance. Susceptibility outcome revealed that Ofloxacillin and ciprofloxacin were effective against Gram positive bacteria. Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin, Ceftriaxone and Norflaxacin were effective against Gram negative bacteria hence, the study indicate that Gram negative bacteria are more susceptible to antibiotic than Gram positive bacteria. Antimicrobial Multi-Resistant (AMR) was higher among Gram positive bacteria compared to Gram negative bacteria. Treatment of wound infection remains a significant concern for surgeons and physicians in a health care facility. The problem has been magnified due to the unrestrained and rapidly spreading resistance to the available array of antimicrobial agents. The study therefore, recommends multi-drug administration to patient suffering from wound infection, either caused by burn, accident or of any kind.